The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), as the funding agency, provides two (2) main types of scientific collaboration fellowships using the NIH as a nominating authority. The Intramural Fellowship program allows Japanese Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists to conduct research at NIH. The remaining Extramural Fellowships, both Invitation and Postdoctoral, allow U.S. (and permanent resident) scientists to conduct cooperative research under their host researchers in Japan.
The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), in cooperation with the NIH's Fogarty International Center, Division of International Training and Research, and the NIH Office of Intramural Research, offers fellowship awards to support meritorious biomedical and behavioral research projects undertaken in NIH laboratories by young Japanese postdoctoral researchers. These researchers must presently be, or have a commitment to be, funded by NIH to conduct research at an NIH Institute.
JSPS conducts fellowship programs for foreign researchers to promote international cooperation in and mutual understanding through scientific research in Japan. These programs provide opportunities for U.S. citizen and permanent resident researchers to conduct cooperative research under their Japanese host researchers in Japan.